Parrots, members of the order Psittaciformes, are known for their vivid colors, keen intelligence, and distinctive social behavior.
They are found in tropical and subtropical regions all around the world, with over 393 species recognized today.
Each type of parrot offers unique traits, from their varied sizes to their distinctive colors, to their different communication abilities and behaviors.
This comprehensive guide highlights 20 of the most remarkable types of parrots, providing you with a fascinating insight into their captivating world.
The 20 Remarkable Types of Parrots
Here is a list of 20 types of parrots:
1. African Grey Parrot
Famed for their intelligence, African Grey Parrots are renowned talkers and imitators of sounds. Native to the rainforests of West and Central Africa, these medium-sized birds showcase a mix of grey plumage with a beautiful red tail.
2. Amazon Parrot
Amazon Parrots, native to the Americas, are recognized for their green plumage, robust bodies, and impressive vocal abilities. They are social birds and make loyal, lively pets when given plenty of attention.
3. Budgerigar (Budgie)
Originating from Australia, Budgerigars, or Budgies, are small parrots known for their sociability. Their vibrant green and yellow feathers, coupled with their chirpy nature, make them popular pet parrots worldwide.
Cockatiels, also native to Australia, are cherished for their crested head, long tail, and the distinctive blush of color on their cheeks. They are friendly, easy to tame, and can mimic a variety of sounds.
Known for their brilliant colors and large size, Macaws are native to Central and South America. They come in a variety of species, including the Scarlet Macaw and the Blue and Gold Macaw, each adorned with different vibrant hues.
Native to Australia, Indonesia, and the islands of the South Pacific, Cockatoos are recognized for their large crests and curved bills. These intelligent birds have a tendency to bond deeply with their owners.
Originating from Africa, Lovebirds are small, affectionate parrots, recognized for their strong pair bonds and the extended periods they spend with their mates—hence the name ‘Lovebird’.
8. Eclectus Parrot
Unique for its extreme sexual dimorphism, the male Eclectus Parrot boasts a bright emerald green while the female flaunts a deep red and purple. They hail from the Solomon Islands, New Guinea, and nearby islands.
Parakeets, also known as Brotogeris, are small to medium-sized parrots, hailing from South America. They have long tail feathers and come in a variety of colors, making them popular pets.
Parrotlets, the smallest species of parrot, are native to Central and South America. Despite their small size, they are energetic, intelligent, and can learn to mimic human speech.
11. Quaker Parrot
Also known as Monk Parakeets, Quaker Parrots originate from the temperate to subtropical areas of Argentina and the surrounding countries. They are green with grey fronts and known for their intelligence and excellent speech abilities.
12. Senegal Parrot
Hailing from West Africa, Senegal Parrots are popular pets due to their playful nature, intelligence, and relatively quiet demeanor. They have a grey head, green wings and chest, with a yellow-orange belly.
Known for their playful and energetic personalities, Caiques are medium-sized parrots native to the Amazon Basin. They have a vibrant array of colors including white, yellow, green, and black.
Conures, originating from South America, are known for their slender bodies, tapering tails, and playful personalities. They have a broad range of colors, with Sun Conures being particularly vibrant.
Renowned for their bright, multicolored feathers and brush-tipped tongues for feeding on nectar, Lorikeets are native to Australia and eastern Indonesia.
16. Pionus Parrot
Pionus Parrots, native to Central and South America, are medium-sized parrots with a robust build. They are known for their relatively calm demeanor and make great pets for families.
17. Hyacinth Macaw
The Hyacinth Macaw is the largest flying parrot species, recognized by its cobalt-blue plumage and bright yellow eye rings. They’re native to central and eastern South America.
18. Rainbow Lorikeet
Rainbow Lorikeets, as their name suggests, are multicolored parrots known for their vibrant plumage. Native to Australia, they have specialized tongues for feeding on nectar and pollen.
The Kakapo, native to New Zealand, is a flightless and nocturnal parrot. It’s critically endangered and recognized for its moss-green plumage and owl-like face.
Also native to New Zealand, Keas are large, intelligent, and the world’s only alpine parrot. They are olive-green and are known for their curiosity and problem-solving abilities.
Parrots, with their astounding variety of species, offer a spectrum of shapes, sizes, colors, and personalities. From the petite parrotlets to the gigantic hyacinth macaws, these charismatic birds are a vibrant testament to the wonders of the avian world.
Whether you’re an ornithologist, a bird lover, or just a curious reader, understanding different types of parrots can help appreciate the incredible biodiversity that our planet has to offer.